A. Language Skills A1: Listening Comprehension: Student can understand the utterances of native speakers and extract main ideas from recordings of authentic speech, including excerpts from lectures, films, radio and television broadcasts. A2: Reading Comprehension: Student can understand and summarize main ideas in target language texts intended for general readers, including social correspondences, general purpose essays, short stories and news writing. A3: Speaking: Student can sustain a conversation on a general topic with a fluent speaker of the target language, narrate and describe on a variety of topics at paragraph length and respond to spontaneous developments in an exchange. A4: Writing: Student can produce narratives and descriptions, cohesive summaries and routine social correspondences (e.g. business letters, resumes), demonstrating awareness of diction, syntax and stylistics in the writing process. B. Cultural Knowledge B1: Student has an understanding of cultural values, folk beliefs, social conventions and festive celebrations unique to target culture. B2: Student can identify and characterize exemplars of painting, architecture, music, film and other fine arts in the target culture. B3: Student can identify major historical events and order them chronologically. C. Knowledge of Literature C1: Student can identify major literary genres. C2: Student can characterize major literary movements or periods and order them chronologically. C3: Student can identify major historical events and order them chronologically. D. Language Structure D1: Student has understanding of sound system (phonetics/phonology) of the target language. D2: Student has understanding of word-formation processes (morphology) in the target language. D3: Student is familiar with syntax of the target language. D4: Student has understanding of the historical development of the target language. D5: Student has understanding of sociolinguistic variation in the target language.