A. Proficiency in Written English (Entry Level) A1: Student admitted into each program must demonstrate, prior to the start of coursework, the ability to write English correctly and effectively to explain, defend or argue discipline-specific issues. B. Proficiency in Written English (Exit Level) B1: Upon completion of each program, candidates must demonstrate an improved ability to write English correctly and effectively to explain, defend or argue discipline-specific issues commensurate with the academic training received within the program. C. Use of Appropriate Resources, Materials and Format for Writing a Research Paper C1: Students must demonstrate the ability to produce effective academic writing based on scholarly research. D. Knowledge of Culture, Language and Literature at the Advanced Level Students must be able to: D1: Demonstrate graduate-level competence in the concentration language. D2: Analyze texts for theme, structure, style and other aspects of prose and poetry. D3: Explain how literary movements influence each other and are shaped by history. D4: Demonstrate interdisciplinary approaches when analyzing complex problems and intellectual questions. D5: Demonstrate knowledge of the present day structure of the concentration language, including the phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax and discourse features. D6: Demonstrate knowledge of the historical development and sociolinguistic variations of the concentration language. D7: Demonstrate the ability to develop basic skills as teacher-researcher while applying theoretical knowledge to practice, and to implement standard-based Second Language Acquisition (SLA) instruction.